学位英语语法考点归纳总结:动词的变化



学位英语语法考点归纳总结:动词的变化


学位英语语法考点归纳总结:动词的变化介绍如下,建议大家结合试题去练习。


1)代词及be动词


主格 I we you you she/he/it they


宾格 me us you you her/him/it them


代词所有格 my our your your her/his/its their


名词性代词 mine ours yours yours hers/his/its theirs


be动词现在时 Am are are are is are


be动词过去时 was were were were was were


2)名词的复数


规则变化的名词复数形式


规则1 一般情况+s e.g. shell→shells toy→toys


规则2 以s, x, ch, sh结尾+es e.g. fox→foxes church→churches


规则3 以o结尾+s或+es e.g. radio→radios potato→potatoes


规则4 以f, fe结尾的,变f, fe为ves e.g. life→lives half→halves


规则5 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变y为i+es e.g. sky→skies study→studies


3)动词的第三人称单数形式


规则1 一般情况+s e.g. like-likes, look-looks


规则2 以s, x, ch, sh和o结尾+es e.g. do-does, catch-catches


规则3 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变y为i+es e.g. carry-carries, fly-flies


4)动词现在分词


规则1 一般动词加-ing e.g. look-looking, read-reading, play-playing


规则2 以不发音的字母结尾的单词去e加-ing e.g. make-making, take-taking, arrive-arriving


规则3 重读闭音节词结尾, 即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ing e. g. run-running, sit-sitting, get-getting, swim-swimming, stop-stopping


5)动词过去式


规则动词变化


规则1 一般动词加-ed e.g. look-looked, watch-watched, play-played


规则2 以e结尾的加-d e.g. make-maked, arrive-arrived


规则3 以辅音字母y结尾的变y为i加-ed cry-cried, carry-carried


规则4 重读闭音节词结尾, 即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ed stop-stopped


过去式的读音


在清辅音后面(除外)读/t/ e.g. walked, jumped


在浊辅音和元音后读/d/ e.g. washed, watched


在/t/,/d/后读/id/ e.g. waited, hated


6)形容词和副词的比较级和最高级


比较级


规则1 一般加-er e.g. high-higher


规则2 以e结尾加-r nice-nicer


规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-er busy-busier


规则4 重读闭音节结尾, 双写辅音字母再加-er fat-fatter


最高级


规则1 一般加-est e.g. high-highest


规则2 以e结尾加-st nice-nicest


规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-est busy-busiest


规则4 重读闭音节结尾, 双写辅音字母再加--est fat-fattest


7)常见缩写:


is='s I am=I'm are='re


is not=isn't /iznt/ are not=aren't /a:nt/


do not=don't


does not=doesn't


was='s


did not=didn't


can not=can't


have='ve


has='s


have not=haven't


has not=hasn't


will='ll


will not=won't


shall not=shan't


学位英语语法考点归纳总结:动词的变化就介绍到这里了,有需要的同学可以了解一下本站的学位英语培训班。


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