[阅读理解]The other side of a state legal apparatus is a state military apparatus. While the one protects the individual from violence， the other sacrifices the individual to violence in the interests of the state. In war the state affirms supreme power over the individuals within its own borders. War is not simply a trial by combat to settle disputes between states; it is the moment when the state makes its most powerful demands upon its people for their commitment， allegiance， and supreme sacrifice. Times of war test a community‘s deepest religious and ethical commitments.
What can we learn from the paragraph?
A、Governments tend to abuse their supreme Power in times of war.
B、In times of war governments may extend their power across national borders.
C、In times of war governments impose high religious and ethical standards on their people.
D、Governments may sacrifice individuals in the interests of the state in times of war.
[阅读理解]Decibels(分贝) measured in water are different from those measured on land. A noise of one hundred-twenty decibels on land causes pain to human ears. In water， a decibel level of one-hundred ninety-five would have the same effect.
Which of the following is discussed in the paragraph?
A、The same noise level produces a different effect on land and in the ocean.
B、Different places may have different types of noises.
C、The decibel is not a suitable unit for measuring underwater noise.
D、Different ocean animals may have different reactions to noises.